Process for identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct:

  • Publisher and editors take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including but not limited to plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, among others.
  • In no case does the journal or its editors encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.
  • In the event that the publisher or editors are made aware of any allegation of research misconduct relating to a published article in the journal, the publisher or editor shall follow COPE’s guidelines in dealing with allegations.
  • The journal takes care to ensure high ethical and professional standards.

Vigilance over the Published Record:

The editor works to safeguard the integrity of the published record by reviewing and assessing reported or suspected misconduct. Such measures will generally include contacting the author of the manuscript or paper and giving due consideration to the respective complaint or claims made but may also include further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies. The editor presented with convincing evidence of misconduct will coordinate with the publisher to arrange the prompt publication of a correction, retraction, expression of concern, or other correction to the record, as may be relevant.

Ethical Notes for Authors:

  • Only unpublished manuscripts should be submitted.
  • Concurrent submission of the manuscript in other journals is not acceptable.
  • Any conflict of interest must be clearly declared.
  • Authors should present their research findings and methods used in the research as well.
  • Republishing the content of the other published manuscript is not acceptable (for example translation of papers published in other languages)
  • In experimental research on animals, the authors must be described the statement of approval by the Ethical Committee of the institute where the work was done.
  • Plagiarism, data fabrication, and image manipulation are not tolerated. Plagiarism includes copying text, ideas, images, or data from another source, even from your own publications, without giving any credit to the original source.

Ethical Notes for Reviewers:

  • The manuscript and review details must be kept secret.
  • Contacting the authors directly without the permission of the journal is not acceptable.

Research misconduct

Research misconduct is defined as fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results. Inappropriate image manipulation is one form of fabrication or falsification that journals can identify. Plagiarism includes both the theft or misappropriation of intellectual property and the substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work. Duplicate and redundant publications are not allowed, too. If scientific misconduct is confirmed by institutional review, appropriate action will be decided. Violations considered severe may warrant official retraction of a published article or rapid rejection of a manuscript at any stage before publication. In more serious departures from scientific standards, we may contact institutional officers of the authors and granting agencies. 

This journal is following of "Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)" and complies with the highest ethical standards in accordance with ethical laws. Journal’s policy on intellectual property is based on the COPE guidelines. For the journal's policy for post-publication corrections and discussions see here.

Any potential conflict of interest should be declared. You can download the Conflict of Interest Declaration here.