Iran J Vet Surg, Print ISSN: 2008-3033, Online ISSN: 2676-6299

Document Type : Review Article


1 Wood Veterinary Group, St Oswalds Road, Gloucester, GL2 8JG, UK

2 Department of Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.


This paper intended to review the lameness in dairy cattle. But it was necessary to have an overview about the hoof anatomical structure, it's growth and overgrowth properties. Most common causes of lameness such as laminitis and its different clinical form or presentation such as sole ulcers, toe ulcers, white line disorders, sole and white line hemorrhages have been reviewed and discussed. The prevention of laminitis and the major factors involved in damaging the corium in dairy cattle which have been subdivided into the headings of calving, diet, excess standing and general management are discussed in detail.

Main Subjects