Iran J Vet Surg, Print ISSN: 2008-3033, Online ISSN: 2676-6299

Document Type : Clinical Report

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Sciences, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.

2 Wildlife Diseases Group, Department of Environment, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

A four-year-old pregnant African lioness with dystocia was referred to the university teaching hospital. History-taking revealed the parturition had started four hours ago, but the cubs couldn't come out due to incomplete dilation of the cervix. This article describes the procedures before, during, and after the surgical operation, including the anesthesia protocol performed and performing a Cesarean section through the midline celiotomy to remove a dead and two live cubs from the uterus and successfully heal the dam without any complications. This surgery was performed about three years ago. After the operation to date, the lioness is in perfect health and she gave birth to 2 and 3 healthy cubs, respectively in two of her last parturition with no need for any help.

Keywords

Main Subjects

  1. Khan SA, Hassan MM, Uddin MB, Rahman ZMM, Yasin G, Epstein JH. Cesarean of Lion (Panthera leo) at Dulahajra Safari Park, Bangladesh. Open Veterinary Journal. 2011; 1: 10-12.
  2. Batista-Arteaga M, Santana1 M, Lozano O, Mendez J, Quesada O, Arbelo M, Espinosa J. Medical and Surgical management of a dystocia because of foetopelvic disproportion in an African lioness (Panthera Leo). Reproduction in Domestic Animals. 2011; 46: 362–365.
  3. Goodrowe KL, Wildt DE. Ovarian response to human chorionic gonadotropin or gonadotropin-releasing hormone in cats in natural or induced estrus. 1987; 27: 811–817.
  4. Schmidt AM, Hess DL, Schmidt MJ, Lewis CR. Serum concentrations of oestradiol and progesterone and frequency of sexual behavior during the normal estrous cycle in the snow leopard (Panthera uncia). Journal of Reproduction and Fertility. 1993; 98: 91–95.
  5. Graham LH, Byers AP, Armstrong DL, Loskutoffc NM, Swanson WF, Wildt DE, Brown JL. Natural and gonadotropin-induced ovarian activity in tigers (Panthera tigris) assessed by fecal steroid analyses. General and Comparative Endocrinology. 2006; 147: 362–370.
  6. Schramm RD, Briggs MB, Reeves JJ. Spontaneous and induced ovulation in the lions (Panthera leo). Zoo Biology. 1994; 13: 301–307.
  7. Tefera M. Phenotypic and reproductive characteristics of lions (Panthera leo) at Addis Ababa Zoo. Biodevers Conserv. 2003; 12: 1629–1639.
  8. Díaz EA, Sáenz C, Segnini G, Villagómez A, Díaz RF, Zug Dystocia and Cesarean section in a free-ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) after traumatic spinal cord injury resulting from dog (Canis familiaris) attack. Open Veterinary Journal. 2021; 11(3): 422–430.
  9. Traas AM. Surgical management of canine and feline dystocia. 2008; 70: 337–342.
  10. Pretzer SD. Medical management of canine and feline dystocia. 2008; 70: 332–336.
  11. Van Goethem, B. Cesarean Section. Complications in Small Animal Surgery. 2017; 522–52.
  12. Caesarean operation on a lion .Available at: https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-10/15/content_485172.htm. Accessed October 15, 2005.
  13. Mirsepehr P, Asheghian I, Hajinasrollah M, Reza Javadi S, Bashiri AR, Esmailinejad MR, Taghipour H, Mojtahedzade SM. Accidental finding of ectopic pregnancy in a catwith presence of three fetuses without gestational sac that were attached to the abdominal wall and mesentery (A case report). International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research. 2015; 3(3): 217-221.
  14. Thurmon, JC, Tranquilli, WT, and Benson, GJ. Anesthesia of wild, exotic, and laboratory animals. In: Thurmon JC, Tranquilli WT, Benson GJ, eds. Lumb & Jones' Veterinary Anesthesia. 3rd ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1996. 183-209, 448-478, 686-735.
  15. Papich, Mark G. Saunders Handbook of Veterinary Drugs. Small and Large Animal. 4th edn, Chapt1, Carprofen,St. Louis, Missouri, USA. 2016; 110-112.
  16. African Budget Safaris. White lion twins survive after C-section surprise. Available at: https://www.africanbudgetsafaris.com/blog/surprise-white-lion-twins-survive-after-c-section/. Accessed December 29, 2010.
  17. Conze T, Jurczak A, Fux V, Socha P, Wehrend A, Janowski T. Survival and fertility of bitches undergoing Cesarean section. Veterinary Record. 2019; 105-123.