Iran J Vet Surg, Print ISSN: 2008-3033, Online ISSN: 2676-6299

Document Type : Clinical Report


1 Department of Surgery, Avina Pet Hospital, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Internal Medicine, Day Vet Clinic, Karaj, Iran.

3 Department of Internal Medicine, Avina Pet Hospital, Tehran, Iran.

4 Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran.


Cystocele is a chronic condition mostly seen in humans, which defines as the protrusion of the bladder into the vaginal wall. Generally, vaginal prolapse includes bladder prolapse or cystocele, rectal prolapse or rectocele, and uterus prolapse. This condition is very rare in veterinary medicine and, as a consequence of dystocia, constipation and forced breeding are performed. In this case report a 5-year-old mixed breed intact female non-pregnant dog was diagnosed with cystocele using diagnostic imaging and clinical examinations. The animal was treated with cystopexy surgical technique and, a necrotic segment in the ventral side of the bladder was seen, which was treated with partial cystectomy. Cystocele is a condition mostly seen in humans and, according to our knowledge, there is only one previous report of occurrence in animals.


Main Subjects

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