Document Type : Original Article
1 Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Graduated from Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
3 Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
Ischemia/reperfusion is one of the emergency cases that frequently occurs in testis. This pathologic event is one of the reasons for infertility in men. Inflammation and oxidative stress induce ischemia/reperfusion injury in testis. Consequently, agents possessing antioxidant activity are applied in the treatment of testicular ischemia/reperfusion. In the present study, the effect of berberine administration in the treatment of testicular ischemia/reperfusion injury is investigated. In this experiment, 24 Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 6): Sham (receiving normal saline 0.9%), control (ischemia/reperfusion), treatment I (ischemia/reperfusion receiving 50 mg/kg berberine), and treatment II (ischemia/reperfusion receiving 100 mg/kg berberine). All injections were performed through the intraperitoneal route. Histopathological findings demonstrated that in the Sham group, testis has normal structure and normal spermatogenesis occurs. In the control group, severe hyperemia, coagulative necrosis, and interstitial edema are observed and spermatogenesis has severe damage. In treatment I group moderate interstitial edema, hyperemia, and coagulative necrosis are observed. Besides, spermatogenesis has moderate damage. In treatment II group all damages are mild. This experiment reveals that berberine exerts its protective impact in a dose-dependent manner so that the highest protective impact is observed in the group treated with 100 mg/kg of berberine. With respect to the major role of testicular ischemia in infertility and the results of the present study, berberine can be used as a valuable plant extract in the treatment of testicular ischemia and preventing its harmful impacts.
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