Document Type: Original Article
Department of Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Lorestan University, Khorram Abad, Iran
Student of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran
Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran
Department of Aquatic Animal Health & Disease, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute (IFSRI), Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
Objective- The present study describes the anesthetic effects of essential oil of Lavender (Lavandula officinalis) in Convict cichlid fish (Cichlasoma nigrofasciata) in comparison with clove powder (Syzygium aromaticum).
Study Design- experimental study
Animals- 25 Juvenile Convict cichlid fish with unknown sex and an average weight of 4.2 ± 0.5 g were used (n = 5 for each experimental group per experiment).
Methods- The fish were divided into five groups, initially with five fish per group. Each group was subjected to one of four final concentrations [0.3 and 0.5 g/l] of clove powder and [1.8 and 3 cc/l] essential oil of Lavender and control group was for determination of the basal values for blood parameters. The times for sedation, pre-anesthesia, and anesthesia were recorded based on the behavioral events seen after exposing the fish to each aquarium. After induction of anesthesia, the fish were transferred to anesthetic-free aquariums, and recovery time was recorded. Blood samples were taken by dissecting peduncle just 30 minutes after fish were placed in water contain anesthetics.
Results- essential oil of Lavender had efficacy to anesthetize the fish, and its sedation was similar to the clove powder at a commensurate concentration in Convict cichlid fish. However, the anesthesia form was different.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance- Lavender oil as a sedative and anesthetic agent can be used in fish
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