Document Type: Clinical Report

Authors

1 Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

2 Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

Abstract

Case Description- An eight-year-old Holstein cow with inflammed and abnormal lefteyelid was referred to the veterinary clinic of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman.Treatment and Outcome- Because of involvement of all structures of the eye, exentrationwas done and abnormal tissues sent for histopathologic examination. Microscopicevaluations revealed mononuclear histiocytes filled with lipid in the dermis.Therefore,xanthelasma was diagnosed.Clinical Relevance- Xanthelasma is a kind of xanthoma of the eyelid whichappeared as yellow, raised plaques contain foamy lipid laden macrophages.This tumor-like lesion is reported in human and rarely in dog, cat and birds. Someauthors believe that hyperlipoproteinemia is the cause of the disease. This is the first reportof occurrence of xanthelasma in cow.