Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Clinical Scinces, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Private Veterinary Practitioner

Abstract

Objective- Obtaining the normal images of color doppler and estimation of blood flow velocity parameters of femoral and axillary arteries in dog.
Design- Descriptive studyAnimals- 7 healthy adult mixed-breed dogs, weighing 14.3 ± 2.8 kg (mean ± SD).
Proceudure- Left and right femoral and axillary arteries of hind and forelimbs were evaluated. Color and spectral doppler images of the artery were obtained. Values of peak systolic velocity, end-diastolic velocity, mean velocity, resistive index and pulsatility index were measured. Statistical analysis- Calculation of mean and standard deviation of measured parameters using Microsoft excel 2003.
Results- Color Doppler of both arteries showed a laminar flow with higher velocity in the center of flow. High-resistance flow pattern with triphasic flow velocity and plug velocity profile were observed in spectral waveform analysis of pulsed Doppler.
Conclusion and Clinical Relevance- Results of this study can be useful for hemodynamic evaluation of femoral and axillary arteries diseases such as thromboembolism and arterial stenosis in dogs.

Main Subjects