Document Type : Clinical Report
- Ramani Chandrasekara Iyer 1
- Rambabu Kalaka 2
- Nagarajan Lakshmanan 3
- Arun Kumar 4
- Justin William 5
- Ramasamy Thirumurugan 6
1 Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai, India.
2 Department of Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary Science, Proddatur, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati, India.
3 Department of Clinics, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai, India.
4 Veterinary Dispensary, Seethathode, Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India.
5 Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Apollo College of Veterinary Medicine, Jaipur, India.
6 Anna Zoological Park, Vandalur Zoo, Chennai, India.
The medical record of a 25-year-old male hybrid lion weighing 154 kg named Tippu, with a history of blindness in the right eye since one year housed at Anna Zoological Park, Vandalur Zoo in Chennai, India was referred to the Ophthalmology Unit of Madras Veterinary College Teaching Hospital for expert opinion and treatment. As per the request from the zoo authority, a team of surgeons from Madras Veterinary College visited the zoo. The lion was immobilized with xylazine hydrochloride, 1.5 mg/kg body weight, and ketamine hydrochloride, 2.5 mg/kg body weight intramuscularly were given by using a darting gun and a detailed ophthalmic and neurological examinations, ophthalmoscopy and tonometry were performed. The condition was diagnosed as a unilateral cataract of the right eye (OD) and the most appropriate surgical correction by the Phacoemulsification method was advised. The lion was intubated with a No. 18 cuffed endotracheal tube and general anesthesia was maintained with 2% Isoflurane in oxygen. The surgical procedure was carried out using one-handed phacoemulsification and the nucleus is fragmented into four pieces. At the end of the procedure, yohimbine hydrochloride was administered 0.1 mg/kg body weight intravenously. Mild fibrin deposition was noticed in the anterior chamber postoperatively for four weeks, after which the lion showed an uneventful recovery.
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