Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.

2 Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

10.30500/ivsa.2021.273976.1251

Abstract

Blood transfusion is needed for the treatment of severe anemia. The purpose of this study was to detect clinical reactions, hematological and biochemical alterations after a blood transfusion from sheep to goat. Four Iranian mixed breed male sheep and goats were used in this study. Fifteen milliliters per kilogram of whole blood was taken from the sheep. Blood transfusion to goats was performed after 24 hours. Blood samples were taken from goats at times 0 (10 min before transfusion), 10 min, 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 192 hours after blood transfusion. No reactions such as coughing, dyspnea, muscle tremors, salivation, tearing, fever, and ruminal bloating during and after blood transfusion were seen. The respiratory rate significantly increased, 3, 6, and 12 hours after blood transfusion (p ˂ 0.05). Hematocrit was significantly reduced 3 hours after blood transfusion (p ˂ 0.05). Serum creatinine levels were increased significantly 10 minutes and 3 hours after blood transfusion (p ˂ 0.05). Blood urea serum was significantly increased 6 and 12 hours after blood transfusion (p ˂ 0.05). Serum calcium levels were increased significantly 72 and 96 hours after blood transfusion (p ˂ 0.05). Serum magnesium levels were significantly increased 72 and 96 hours after blood transfusion (p ˂ 0.05). In conclusion, temporary and transient changes observed in this study were safe and were not life-threatening for the goats, and the sheep blood can be used in anemic goats for one time.

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