Document Type : Original Article
Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria.
Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Department of Veterinary Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Objective- Comparative evaluation of standing and lateral recumbent restraint positions for rumenotomy based on transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) concentrations of Kano-Brown goats (KBGs).
Design- Experimental study
Animals- Eighteen KBGs of both sexes diagnosed of rumen foreign body impaction (RFBI), were allocated to groups A, B and D. Six other KBGs free of RFBI were assigned to group C as control.
Procedures- Groups A and B were restrained in lateral recumbency position while group D in a fabricated mobile small ruminant surgical chute (MSRSC) in a standing fashion. Serum samples stored at -20 ℃ until ELISA, were obtained pre-rumenotomy (Pre) and post-rumenotomy, at 0, 5, 24, 48 and 72 hours, and subsequently at weeks 1, 2, and 3. Group C had no surgery while A, B and D had rumen skin clamp fixation, stay suture rumenotomy and mobile small ruminant surgical chute rumenotomy, respectively.
Results- The post-rumenotomy mean concentrations of TGF-β for groups A, B and D at 0 hour (81.97 ± 24.12, 71.26 ± 10.28 and 58.51 ± 6.44 ng/L, respectively) were higher than the mean pre-rumenotomy values (38.34 ± 3.66, 41.31 ± 4.90 and 44.91 ±4.10 ng/L, respectively) but were not significantly different (P > 0.05). As the mean TGF-β concentration in the males of the different experimental groups did not differ significantly (P > 0.05), the females of group B had significantly higher (P < 0.05) mean concentrations than those of group D and C females at 48 hours post-rumenotomy.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance- Lateral recumbency restraint position rumenotomy was associated with more severe post-surgical stress than standing restraint based on role switching of the TGF-β in this study. This suggests comparative advantage of standing recumbency restraint rumenotomy over the conventional lateral recumbency restraints position in goats.
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